Notables

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Indian athlete, Dutee Chand

(Image courtesy: The New York Times)

+ The humiliating practice of testosterone-testing female athletes was recently challenged by an Indian athlete, Dutee Chand. In its decision, “the Court of Arbitration for Sport sus­pended the policy until July 2017 to give the I.A.A.F. time to prove that the degree of competitive advantage conferred by naturally high testosterone in women was comparable to men’s advantage.” Meanwhile, Dutee has qualified for the Rio Olympics. For more about the history of this murky aspect of sports, read this article in the NYTimes.

+ A new paper examines the effect of gender-neutral tenure-extension policies in US universities. The authors find that these well-intentioned policies unintentionally “advanced the careers of male economists, often at women’s expense.”

+ Another new paper by Heather Sarsons, a Ph.D. student at Harvard Kennedy School, finds that female co-authors receive less credit than male co-authors in economics.

+ Sheryl Sandberg and Adam Grant describe the evidence on women pulling other women down. Again, it turns out, that women are judged more harshly than men for the same behavior. Here Lena Dunham chats with Sheryl about similar things.

+ Freakonomics discusses what gender barriers are made of.

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2 thoughts on “Notables

  1. Don’t you mean the opposite? Don’t you mean that for every five girls that made it to the age of five, one went missing due to sex selection? That would seem to be consistent with what we know about the scale of sex selection in India and China, whereas your wording would imply a sex-ratio at birth of five to one or so for males.

    Very good post, though.

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    1. Thanks, Henry! By surviving girls, we don’t mean the entire decline in girl mortality in India. That ratio only refers to the decline in girl mortality *due to ultrasound* in the sense that before sex-selection was possible, average girl mortality was based on a population of wanted + unwanted girls, whereas afterward, there are fewer unwanted girls in the population, so average mortality is lower, and it is this difference that we use. Of course, female child mortality has also declined for various other reasons, but we do not include that in calculating the ratio because it is not driven by sex-selection. That ratio is only trying to capture the extent of substitution between postnatal and prenatal discrimination due to ultrasound technology. Hope this makes it a bit clearer.

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